STEP 6 - LEARNING STRATEGIES

Sometimes, you may have opportunities to inform your tutee of a few study strategies. We have already discussed learning styles.  However, many forms of learning strategies exist.   Please review the following information.

 

HOW LONG TO STUDY

  • Study 20 to 30 minutes at a time.
  • Take a 10 minute break.
  • Go back to studying 20 to 30 minutes at a time.
  • Then, take a 10 minute break.
  • Keep repeating this pattern.

STUDY BREAKS

Why does a person need to take study breaks? 

  • The brain needs time to assimilate the information it just got through learning. 

However, just as important as taking the break is what one does or does not do during that break.

  • Do not study something else.
  • Do not get on the computer.
  • Do not watch TV.
  • Do not listen to the radio.
  • Do not listen to music.
  • Do not read a book.
  • Do not talk to friends or family.

Why?  Doing anything else puts new information into your brain at the exact time it is trying to assimilate what you just got through studying.  If you try to cram too much into your short term memory, your brain cannot retain everything.  Very likely, something will not make it to your long term memory.

 

HOW ELSE CAN I ASSIMILATE INFORMATION?

Engage in activities that will get oxygen to your brain.

  • Drink plenty of water.
  • Get exercise.
    • During your study break, stand up. 
    • Stretch.  Wiggle your fingers and toes.
  • Get enough sleep. 
    • Most people need at least eight to ten hours of sleep. 
    • Most people get four to six hours of sleep.
    • Can they function?  Obviously, they do, but they do not function at their optimum.
    • Compare lack of sleep to a car running on 1/8 of a tank of gas or fumes - or running with very little oil.  The car will run - adequately - for awhile.  But, it's not running at its optimum. 
    • When your body doesn't get enough sleep, its main concern is to take care of your brain and other major organs - it wants to make sure they are functioning.
  • Eat regular meals. 
    • You don't have to eat three big meals.  You can choose to eat smaller meals throughout the day.
    • Breakfast is an especially important meal.  You are "breaking" a "fast" of approximately 8 hours.  However, if you don't eat breakfast, your body is fasting for 12 hours or more.
    • Not eating puts your body under stress. Your body can only deal with keeping your brain and major organs alive.
    • When your body is under stress, your brain puts up a barrier around your brain.  You won't be able to understand or retain most of the information you are trying to learn.

If you do not get enough sleep or eat regular meals, you are putting your brain under tremendous strain.  You are not functioning at your optimum.  Compare this condition to a car running on 1/8 of a tank of gas.  The car will run adequately for awhile, though it may jerk somewhat.  Once you fill the gas tank, the car runs smoothly.  The same is true for your body.  Fill your body's fuel tank with sleep and regular meals, and your brain will run much more smoothly.  You will be able to assimilate what you have studied.

 

Proceed To Step 7

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